Africa

Sputnik Analysis: Every Third UN Country Embarks on Dedollarization

Burning dollar

Oleg BurunovDe-dollarization is the process of reducing the US dollar’s hegemony in global trade and financial operations by shifting to alternative exchange methods such as national currencies and domestic payment systems, as well as transferring currency reserves.A third of UN member states have already opted for de-dollarization and decided to rely on national currencies to conduct payments, Sputnik’s analysis has found.

The analysis, which looked into statements made by officials from 193 UN countries in international and Russian media, showed that representatives of at least 68 UN nations openly supported the process of de-dollarization or stated that they were taking measures to this effect.

WorldDedollarization Accelerating Within BRICS, Across Globe – Netley Group14 September 2023, 04:01 GMTAccording to the study, the most decisive calls to scrap the greenback and replace it with national currencies came from politicians whose countries are members of major regional organizations such as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and BRICS, which originally сomprised Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa – but was expanded to include a host of other nations on January 1.

For his part, Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva has repeatedly proposed the creation of an alternative currency to the dollar for payments within BRICS. The view was shared by South African Finance Minister Enoch Godongwana, who called for enhanced lending in national currencies.

He was in turn echoed by Kenyan President William Ruto, who urged local leaders to take the first steps towards abandoning the dollar and make transactions through the pan-African payment system instead.Sputnik’s investigation indicated that many countries have already realized the fact that the dollar poses a threat not only as a means of payment, but also as an instrument of savings, so the concept of de-dollarization should be considered more broadly.EconomyRuble’s Share in Russia’s Exports Tops 50 Percent as Dedollarization Gains Momentum11 September 2023, 12:53 GMTIsrael, for instance, earlier announced that it would reduce the dollar’s share in the country’s foreign exchange reserves in favor of the yuan. Some countries are making more targeted efforts to reduce their population’s dependence on foreign currencies, including Vietnam, which has banned long-term foreign currency deposits.Maxim Osadchy, head of the analytical department of the Moscow­­­­­-based BKF Bank, told Sputnik that de-dollarization is one of the consequences of increasing fragmentation of the global economy and the transition to a multipolar world.

"De-dollarization intensified due to the anti-Russian sanctions, which clearly showed the risks of the national economy’s dependence on the US currency. De-dollarization reduces the demand for the greenback and, as a result, contributes to its devaluation," Osadchy pointed out.

This followed Russia’s Minister for Integration and Macroeconomics of the Eurasian Economic Commission Sergey Glazyev telling Sputnik that as the potentially limitless range of cooperation between the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) and ASEAN aspires to reach new levels, it is especially important to accelerate the transition to national currencies.

"This is an imperative for us; we can no longer trade in Western currencies. But it takes time for our partners to fully appreciate the benefits and importance of a transition to national currencies," the minister stressed.

EconomyDedollarization Accelerates as Argentina Makes IMF Payment Using Yuan1 July 2023, 16:49 GMTThe dollar suffered a 2.7 percent decline against other major global currencies during 2023, the greenback’s worst-performing year since the global economic downturn associated with the coronavirus in 2020.

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